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Adar




Adar Entries:
  • Shabbat Zakhor
  • Fast of Esther
  • Purim
  • Purim Shushan
  • Shabbat Parah
  • Shabbat HaHodesh

SHABBAT ZAKHOR

Sifre Torah cloaks are festive.

Minhah Friday Afternoon

  • regular.

Arbit
  • After Minhah give Mitzvot for the Zemirot and Haftarah.
  • Kabbalat Shabbat is regular including Bame Madlikin.
  • The Kaddish after "Amar Ribi El'azar" is recited by the Abel.
  • The Kaddish, in Purim melody, is introduced from "Lebetekha."
  • The Yigdal melody is festive.

Shabbat Morning
  • Zemiroth are started with "Tehilat" in a festive melody.
  • "Amonai Melekh" is chanted in a festive melody also.
  • If the minyan is late, introduce the Kaddish with "Ribi Hananiah Ben 'Akashia..." after the "Great Hallel" (Hodu Le'el Hashamayim Ki le'olam Hasdo).
  • In the middle of Nishmat we insert the Piyut of Mi Khamokha on p.368.
  • The kaddish in Purim melody is introduced from "Haboher Beshire."
  • In Hazarah, Kedushah is in festive melody.
  • Kaddish Titkabbal after the Hazarah.
    • Sefer Torah
    • Two Sifre Torahs
      • a- Tetsaveh (A,B,C,E,G) or Terumah (F) or Tsav or Vayikra (H,J,N,I,M)
      • b- Zakhor
      • Kaddish after each Sefer Torah
    • While the 2nd Sefer Torah is placed on the reader's desk and while the 1st one is removed we sing "Elokim Tseba'ot."
  • Haftarat Zakhor.

Mussaf
  • En Kelohenu to the Purim melody and Adon 'Olam melody is festive.

Minhah
  • No perpetual Hashkabot, no Tsidkatekha, no Pessukim.

Arbit Motsa'e Shabbat
  • Regular including "Shuba 'Ad Matai."

FAST OF ESTHER


Arbit
  • Regular

Shahrit
Regular until the Amidah.
  • In the Amidah we include 'Anenu in the Shema Kolenu.
  • In the Hazarah the Hazzan includes 'Anenu between Reeh and Refaenu.
  • After the Hazarah we follow the prayer in the fast books for Ta'anit Esther on page 98. We chant "Yehorim kamu bekhol dor" and "Ekh Zarim Akhzarim."
  • Sefer Torah
    • From Parahsat Ki Tissah, "Vayehal Moshe" for the Cohen.
    • For the Levi and Yisrael we start from "Pessol Lekha."
    • New York: The Kahal first chant the Shelosh Esre Middot then the Hazzan repeats them.
  • The kaddish after Torah reading.
    • Ashre when the Torah is taken from the reading table.
  • Ya'ankha Beyom Tsara, Uba Letsion and, Kaddish Titkabbal.
  • The Sefer Torah is held standing on the Reader's desk during the Kaddish Titkabbal.
  • The Torah is return while chanting Yehallelu.
  • After Shuba, the Hazzan starts Psalm 22, "Lamnatseyah Al Ayelet HaShahar." Followed by Kaddish Yehe Shelamah.
  • We recite Kaveh, en Kelohenu, Tena debe Eliyahu, Kaddish Al Yisrael, Barkhu and Alenu.
  • Pesukim if needed for an extra Kaddish.

Minhah for Fast day
  • We wear Tallit and Tephillin.
  • We start Minhah with Shema Koli, except on Eve of Purim.
  • We say the Pitum haketoret except on Eve of Purim.
  • After Ashre, Kaddish, El Erekh appayim (except on eve of Purim).
  • Sefer Torah
  • From Parahsat Ki Tissah, "Vayehal Moshe" for the Cohen.
  • For the Levi and Yisrael we start from "Pessol Lekha."
  • New York: The Kahal first chant the Shelosh Esre Middot then the Hazzan repeats them.
  • NO KADDISH after the Torah on Minhah.
  • While the Sefer Torah is taken from the reader's desk we chant psalm 20, Ya'ankha beYom Tsarah.
  • We return the Sefer Torah, immediately, without holding it standing on the Tebah while we chant Yehallelu.
  • At the Hekhal we start Shubah and then Kaddish.
  • Amidah then the Hazarah are recited as in shahrit.
  • We continue in the Book for Fast days on page 82.
  • If it is eve of Purim we skip all the Tahanunim.

PURIM


Arbit
  • If it is Motsa'e Shabbat we start from psalm 144, LeDavid Barukh and Lamnatseyah Bighninot.
  • The Hazzan starts on page 382 with psalm 22, Al Ayelet Hashahar.
  • We continue with Vehu rahum as on daily Arbit.
  • The rest is regular until the Amidah.
  • Before the Amidah announce: Omerim Al Hanissim.
  • After the Amidah, Yehi Shem and Kaddish Le'elah.
  • Reading of the Megillah
  • It is not our custom to make noises during the reading of the Megillah, except that we stamp the floor with our feet.
  • The Hazzan then spreads the Megillah to look like an Iggeret. A Segan will stand at each side of the desk.
  • After the three Berakhot he reads the Megilah. The congregation stands for the Berakhot, then sits down for the Megillah.
  • The four times that the Kahal first reads the verses are:
    1. Ish Yehudi Haya Beshushan Habirah...
    2. Balaylah Hahu Nadeda Shenat Hamelekh...
    3. Umordekhay Yatsa Milifne Hamelekh... and Ish Yehudi...
    4. Ki Mordekhay Hayehudi... we then Repeat Ish Yehudi...
  • For the melody:

  • At the conclusion of the Megillah we recite the final Berakha responsively.
  • We first roll back the Megillah then we recite Ve'Ata Kaddosh.
  • Then Kaddish Titkabbal, Psalm 124, Lule Shahaya Lanu, Kaddish Yehe Shelama, Barekhu and Alenu.
  • If is Motsae Shabbat, after the Megillah we recite first Shuba, then Ve'Ata Kaddosh, then Kaddish Titkabbal, Habdalah, then Psalm 124, Lule Shehaya Lanu, Kaddish Yehe Shelama, Barekhu and Alenu.
  • At the Conclusion we announce: Services tomorrow morning will commence at 7AM (for a weekday) or 8AM (on Sunday).

Shahrit on Purim Morning
  • Regular as on week days until the Amidah.
  • At the Amidah and Hazarah we add Al Hanissim.
  • After the Hazarah the Hazzan recites Kaddish Le'ela.
  • Sefer Torah for Purim
  • Parashat Beshalah for three persons
  • Repeat the last Passuk.
  • After the Torah the Hazzan recites Kaddish Le'ela,
  • While the Sefer Torah is removed we chant Ashre.
  • Reading of the Megillah
  • The Hazzan then spreads the Megillah to look like an Iggeret. A Segan will stand at each side of the desk.
  • After the two Berakhot he reads the Megillah. The congregation stands for the Berakhot, then sits down for the Megilah.
  • The four times that the Kahal first reads the verses are:
    1. Ish Yehudi Haya Beshushan Habirah...
    2. Balaylah Hahu Nadeda Shenat Hamelekh...
    3. Umordekhay Yatsa Milifne Hamelekh... and Ish Yehudi...
    4. Ki Mordekhay Hayehudi... we then Repeat Ish Yehudi...
  • At the conclusion of the Megillah we recite the final Berakha responsively.
  • We first roll back the Megillah then we recite Uba Letsion.
  • Then the Hazzan recites the Kaddish Titkabbal.
  • The Sefer Torah is returned while chanting Yehallelu.
  • The Hazzan then starts psalm 22, Al Ayelet Hashahar.
  • Kaddish Yehe Shelama.
  • Kaveh, then En Kelohenu to the special Purim tune.
  • Kaddish Al Yisrael, Barekhu, Alenu.
  • Adon Olam to the tune of ...

Minhah for Purim
  • Regular without Pitun Haketoret.
  • The Amidah includes Al Hanissim.
  • Instead of Lamnatseyah Bigninot we say psalm 124, Lule Amonai.

PURIM SHUSHAN


Arbit for Purim Shushan
  • Regular until after Kaddish Titkabbal.
  • We recite psalm 124, "Lule Amonai Shahaya Lanu" instead of psalm 121.
  • the rest is regular.

Shahrit for Purim Shushan
  • Regular until after the Hazarah of the Amidah.
  • No Tahannunim.
  • After Kaddish Titkabbal we recite Psalm 22, Al Ayelet Hashahar. Followed by Kaddish Yehe Shelamah Rabbah.
  • The rest is regular.

Minhah for Purim Shushan
  • Regular, no Pitum Haketotret and no Tahanunim.
  • Instead of Psalm 67, we recite psalm 124, Lule Amonai.

SHABBAT PARAH


Sifre Torah cloaks are festive because of Shabbat Parah.

Minhah Friday Afternoon
  • regular.

Arbit
  • After Minhah give Mitzvot for the Zemirot and Haftarah.
  • Kabbalat Shabbat is regular including Bame Madlikin.
  • The Kaddish after "Amar Ribi El'azar" is recited by the Abel.
  • The Kaddish, in festive melody, is introduced from "Lebetekha."
  • The Yigdal melody is festive.

Shabbat Morning
  • Zemiroth are started with "Tehilat" in a festive melody.
  • "Amonai Melekh" is chanted in a festive melody also.
  • If the minyan is late, introduce the Kaddish with "Ribi Hananiah Ben 'Akashia..." after the "Great Hallel" (Hodu Le'el Hashamayim Ki le'olam Hasdo).
  • Kaddish in festive melody introduced from "Haboher Beshire."
  • In Hazarah, Kedushah is in festive melody.
  • Kaddish Titkabbal after the Hazarah.
  • Sefer Torah
    • 2 Sifre Torahs
      • a- Mishpatim (A,B,C,E,G) or Vayak'hel (F) or Pekudeh (H,J,N,I,M), or Vayak'hel-Pekudeh (D,K,L)
      • b- Parah
    • Kaddish after second Sefer Torah
    • While the 2nd Sefer Torah is placed on the reader's desk and while the 1st one is removed we sing "Elokim Tseba'ot."
  • Haftarat Parah.

Mussaf
  • En Kelohenu and Adon 'Olam melodies' are festive.

Minhah
  • No perpetual Hashkabot, no Tsidkatekha, no Pessukim.

Arbit Motsa'e Shabbat
  • Regular including "Shuba 'Ad Matai."

SHABBAT HAHODESH


(Sifre Torah cloaks are festive whether Rosh Hodesh or not.)

Minhah Friday Afternoon
  • Regular.

Arbit
  • After Minhah give Mitzvot for the Zemirot and Haftarah (and Haschabot, if Rosh Hodesh)
  • Kabbalat Shabbat is regular including Bame Madlikin.
  • The Kaddish after "Amar Ribi El'azar" is recited by the Abel.
  • The Kaddish, in festive melody, is introduced from "Lebetekha."
  • If Rosh Hodesh, before the Amida, announce "Omerim Ya'aleh Veyabo."
  • The Yigdal melody is festive.

Shabbat Morning
  • If Rosh Hodesh, Hashcabot are recited by the Hazzan half an hour before services or earlier if needed.
  • Zemiroth are started with "Tehilat" in a festive melody.
  • "Amonai Melekh" is chanted in a festive melody also.
  • If the minyan is late, introduce the Kaddish with "Ribi Hananiah Ben 'Akashia..." after the "Great Hallel" (Hodu Le'el Hashamayim Ki le'olam Hasdo).
  • Kaddish in festive melody introduced from "Haboher Beshire."
  • If Rosh Hodesh, in Amidah and Hazarah add "Ya'ale Veyabo."
  • In Hazarah, Kedushah is in festive melody.
  • If Rosh Hodesh, immediately after the Hazarah, the Hatsi Hallel is sung, introduced with "Likro Et Hahallel."
  • Kaddish Titkabbal after the Hallel.
  • Sefer Torah
  • If Rosh Hodesh:
    • Three Sifre Torah:
      • a- Vayikrah (6th & 7th combined become Samukh) (D, K,L)
      • b- Rosh Hodesh (Mashlim)
      • c- Hahodesh (Maftir)
    • No interruption after 1st Sefer Torah.
    • Kaddish after 2nd Sefer Torah.
    • While 3rd Sefer Torah is placed on the reader's desk and while the 1st and 2nd are removed we sing "Elokim Tseba'ot."
    • Kaddish after 3rd Sefer Torah and "En Ka'el Yeshurun" while the 3rd sefer torah is removed.
    • Haftarat Hahodesh and 1st & last Pesukim of Haftarat Rosh Hodesh are recited.
  • If not Rosh Hodesh
    • 2 Sifre Torah
      • a- V.P. (A,B,C,E,G) or Pekudeh (F) or Shemini (H,J,N) or Tazria (I,M)
      • b- Hahodesh
    • Kaddish after each Sefer Torah
    • While the 2nd Sefer Torah is placed on the reader's desk and while the 1st one is removed we sing "Elokim Tseba'ot."
    • Haftarat Hahodesh and if needed, lst and last Pesukim of Mahar Hodesh.

Mussaf
  • Mussaf of Shabbat Rosh Hodesh (if Rosh Hodesh).
  • En Kelohenu and Adon 'Olam melodies' are festive.

Minhah
  • If Rosh Hodesh, in Amidah add "Ya'ale Veyabo."
  • If Rosh Hodesh, no perpetual Hashkabot, no Tsidkatekha, no Pessukim.

Arbit Motsa'e Shabbat
  • If Rosh Hodesh (B,F,I) we add Psalm 104 Barekhi Nafshi.
  • Regular including "Shuba 'Ad Matai."

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